A series of publications for the use of plant taxonomists published under the auspices of the IAPT (ISSN 0080-0694).
For further information, ordering, and prices see Koeltz Scientific Books.
Hörandl, E. & Appelhans, M.S. (eds.): Next-generation sequencing in plant systematics. 2015. illus. (partly col.). vi, 298 pp. gr8vo. Hardcover. 79.00
The rapid development of technologies targeting at the analysis of genomic resources (next-generation sequencing) has revolutionized biological sciences. For biological systematics and biodiversity research, the application of molecular markers has opened new avenues for understanding phylogeny, evolution, and functions, for discovering and classifying biodiversity. Nowadays, NGS technologies offer novel tools for increasing both quantity and quality of molecular data. The applicability to non-model organisms provides links to molecular biology and plant breeding. This volume reviews current issues in the application of NGS technologies in phylogenetic, evolutionary, biodiversity, and population genetic studies. Our focus is on plants, but most chapters also address animals and fungi. The focus on methodologies is of interest for advanced students, researchers and scientific lecturers in all fields of biology. The book will be of special interest for researchers in plant systematics, plant evolutionary biology, population genetics, biodiversity research, conservation genetics, and plant breeding, and we hope it will inspire readers for continuing work in these fields.
Table of contents:
Introduction to chapters and methodological overview (Elvira Hörandl & Marc S. Appelhans )
Chapter 1: Next-generation organellar genomics: Potentials and pitfalls of high-throughput technologies for molecular evolutionary studies and plant systematics (Susann Wicke & Gerald M. Schneeweiss)
Chapter 2: Utility of transcriptome sequencing for phylogenetic inference and character evolution (Jun Wen, Ashley N. Egan, Rebecca B. Dikow & Elizabeth A. Zimmer)
Chapter 3: Next-generation sequencing and the challenge of deciphering evolution of recent and highly polyploid genomes (Armel Salmon & Malika Ainouche)
Chapter 4: Resolving genome evolution patterns in asexual plants (Diego Hojsgaard, Marco Pellino, Timothy Sharbel & Elvira Hörandl)
Chapter 5: Employing next generation sequencing to explore the repeat landscape of the plant genome (Hanna Weiss-Schneeweiss, Andrew R. Leitch, Jamie McCann, Tae-Soo Jang & Jiři Macas)
Chapter 6: Inferring phylogenetic history from restriction site associated DNA (RADseq) (Richard H. Ree & Andrew L. Hipp)
Chapter 7: The use of high-throughput DNA sequencing for microsatellite discovery in plants (Kurt Weising, Tina Wöhrmann & Bruno Huettel)
Chapter 8: DNA sequences from plant herbarium tissue (Freek T. Bakker)
Wiersema, J.H., McNeill, J., Turland, N., Barrie, F.R., Buck, W.R., Demoulin, V., Greuter, W., Hawksworth, D.L., Herendeen, P.S., Knapp, S., Marhold, K., Prado, J., Prud'homme van Reine, W.F. & Smith, G.F. (eds. & comps.): International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants (Melbourne Code), adopted by the Eighteenth International Botanical Congress Melbourne, Australia, July 2011; Appendices II–VIII. 2015. xxx, 492 pp. gr8vo. Hardcover. 98.00
Stuessy, T. F., Crawford, D. J., Soltis, D. E. & Soltis, P. S.: Plant Systematics: The origin, interpretation, and ordering of plant biodiversity. 2014. illus. (partly col.). xi, 425 pp. 4to. Hardcover. 118.00
The greatest treasure of our Earth is its biodiversity. The life forms that share our world are responsible for the environment that we know and appreciate, which permits Earth to be so inviting in comparison with the other barren and desolate planets in our solar system. Systematics is the science that deals with understanding these millions of organisms, and plant systematics focuses on the green world that covers much of our continents. To understand plant biodiversity involves chronicling evolutionary origins (processes), interpreting evolutionary patterns (phylogeny), and ordering the diversity into classifications (taxonomy).
This book off ers insight to these three major aspects of the plant world. Five chapters provide an overview of the many evolutionary mechanisms that have been operative in the production of plant biodiversity. Six chapters contain information on the concepts and methods of modern phylogenetic reconstruction. Five chapters deal with issues of classifi cation, including historical perspectives and comparisons among phenetic, cladistic, and evolutionary (phyletic) approaches. Three chapters also present types of data, from the morphological to the molecular, which are routinely used in plant systematics research programs. This book, designed for use at the upper undergraduate and graduate levels, contains extensive literature citations that open avenues to topics for further study or analysis.
Turland, N.J.: The Code Decoded. 2013. 19 figs. v, 169 pp. gr8vo. Hardcover. 43.00
This book is the users' guide to the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants, specifically the Melbourne Code. The objective has been to create a text that is reasonably clear and simple, using plain language as far as possible, to serve newer users of the Code as well as veterans who are not familiar with every arcane detail. The chapters are arranged for quick reference, e.g. important dates for certain rules, how to publish a new name, how to find the correct name for a taxon, how to designate a type, or even how to try to change the Code itself. Subheadings, boxes, bulleted lists, tables, key words in boldface, a subject index, and an index to scientific names help users to find information.
McNeill, J., Barrie, F.R., Buck, W.R., Demoulin, V., Greuter, W., Hawksworth, D.L., Herendeen, P.S., Knapp, S., Marhold, K., Prado, J., Prud'homme van Reine, W.F., Smith, G.F., Wiersema, J.H. & Turland, N.J. (eds. & comps.): International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants (Melbourne Code), adopted by the Eighteenth International Botanical Congress Melbourne, Australia, July 2011. 2012. xxx, 208 pp. [excl. Appendices II–VIII]. gr8vo. Hardcover. 59.00
This International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants (ICN) replaces the formerly called International Code of Botanical Nomenclature (ICBN). The provisions of the new Code (Melbourne Code) took effect on 30 July 2011, when the decisions of the Nomenclature Section of the XVIII International Botanical Congress in Melbourne, Australia, were ratified by the closing plenary session of that Congress. The title of the Code was changed to show that it does not apply to plants only, but also to algae and fungi.
Stuessy, T. F. and H. W. Lack (eds.): Monographic Plant Systematics: Fundamental Assessment of Plant Biodiversity. 2011. illus. (partly col.). 232 pp. gr8vo. Hardcover. 80.00
This book focuses on botanical monography, which is the cornerstone of all activities within plant systematics. Within the monograph is where the limits of species are presented, their characteristics, distributions, ecology, correct names, and evolutionary relationships. This information represents the basic statement about species of plants that grow on our planet, from which come additional studies on floristics (what plants grow where) and evolutionary biology. To understand the dynamics of the evolutionary process requires understanding what the closely related species are. Without this basic information, it is virtually impossible to understand mechanisms of organic evolution. Despite the acknowledged importance of botanical monography, in recent years many of the young generation of plant systematists have elected to concentrate more on DNA studies to the exclusion of monography. This raises concerns because it is in the monograph that hypotheses of relationships are revealed, and that are subsequently tested with DNA data. Hence, if no new monographs are being produced, we will soon have no new hypotheses to continue testing. This new book addresses these problems and offers solutions. The book has four parts: (1) The value of botanical monography; (2) Data and analysis in monographic work; (3) Literature and nomenclature for monographic research; and (4) Perspectives. The objectives in the 12 chapters of the book, all authored by established monographers, are to present ideas on the importance of monography and those tools that are available for doing successful monographic work.
Goldblatt, Peter and Dale E. Johnson (eds.): Index to plant chromosome numbers 2004–2006. 2010. 256 pp. gr8vo. Paper bd. 80.00
Previous volumes of the chromosome number index have been published within Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden.
Brickell, Christopher & al. (eds.): International Code of Nomenclature for Cultivated Plants incorporating the rules and recommendations for naming plants in cultivation adopted by the International Union of Biological Sciences, International Commission for the Nomenclature of Cultivated Plants. 8th ed. 2010. XXI, 184 pp. gr8vo. Paper bd. 36.00
Also published as Scripta Horticulturae, vol. 10.
Dorr, L. J. and Dan H. Nicolson: Taxonomic Literature. A selective guide to botanical publications and collections with data, commentaries and types: suppl. 8, FRES-G. 2009. 558 pp. gr8vo. Hardcover. 94.00
Supplement 8 is the final volume in the subseries 'Taxonomic Literature'.
Dorr, L. J. and Dan H. Nicolson: Taxonomic Literature. A selective guide to botanical publications and collections with data, commentaries and types: suppl. 8, (F-FRER). 2008. XVII, 469 pp. gr8vo. Hardcover. 75.00
Linnaeus, C.: Musa Cliffortiana. Clifford's Banana plant. Reprint and translation of the original edition Leiden 1736. Translated into English by Stephen Freer, with an Introduction by Staffan Müller-Wille. 2007. illus. (col.). 264 pp. gr8vo. Hardcover. 80.00
Hörandl, Elvira, Ueli Grossniklaus, Peter J. van Dijk and Timothy F. Sharbel (eds.): Apomixis: Evolution, Mechanisms and Perspectives. 2007. illus. (b/w & col.). 424 pp. gr8vo. Hardcover. 110.00
Contents: INTRODUCTION / DEVELOPMENTAL BIOLOGY and GENETIC CONTROL of APOMIXIS (Nogler, G.: The discovery of parthogenesis: a long journey to the truth / Curtis, M. & U. Grossniklaus: Amphimixis and apomixis: two sides of the same coin! / Carman, J. G.: Do duplicate genes cause apomixis? / Albertini, E. & G. Barcaccia: A review on apomeiosis in Poa pretensis L. and Medicago sativa L. mutants / Ozias-Atkins, P., J. A. Conner, S. Goel, Y. Akiyama & W. W. Hanna: Genes linked with apomixis: identification and characterization / Calderini, O., S. B. Chang, H. de Jong, A. Bietta, S. Arcioni, M. E. Caceres, C. L. Quarin, D. H. Hojsgaard, I. S. Donnison and F. Pupilli: Molecular cytogenetics of the apomixis controlling locus in Paspalum simplex / Vijverberg, K. and P. J. van Dijk: Genetic linkage mapping of apomixis loci / Matzk, F., S. Prodanovic, A. Czihal, J. Tiedemann, F. Arzenton, F. Blattner, J. Kumlehn, L. Altschmied, I. Schubert, A. Johnston, U. Grossniklaus and H. Bäumlein: Genetic control of apomixis: preliminary lessons from Poa, Hypericum and wheat egg cells) / MAINTENANCE AND SPREAD OF APOMIXIS IN NATURAL POPULATIONS: IMPLICATIONS FOR EVOLUTION AND ECOLOGY (Hörandl, E. and O. Paun: Patterns and sources of genetic diversity in apomictic plants: implications for evolutionary potentias / Mogie, M., N. F. Britton and J. A. Stewart-Cox: Asexuality, polyploidy and the male function / Van Dijk, P. J.: Potential and realized costs of sex in dandelions, Taraxacum officinale s. l. / Voigt, M.-L., M. Melzer, T. Rutten, T. Mitchell-Olds and T. F. Sharbel: Gametogenesis in the apomictic Boechera holboellii complex: the male perspective / Barcaccia, G., H. Bäumlein and T. F. Sharbel: Apomixis in St. John's wort (Hypericum perforatum L.): an overview and glimpse towards the future / Nybom, H.: Unique reproduction in dogroses (Rosa sect. Caninae) maintains successful and highly heterozygous genotypes) / EVOLUTION OF APOMICTIC COMPLEXES (Talent, N. and T. Dickinson: Apomixis and hybridization in Rosaceae subtribe Pyrinae Dumort.: a new tool promises new insights / Bayer, R. J. and T. Chandler: Evolution of polyploid agamic complexes: a case study using the Catipes group of Antennaria, including the A. rosea complex (Asteraceae: Gnaphalieae) / Noyes, R. D.: The evolutionary genetics of apomixis in Erigeron sect. Phalacroloma (Asteraceae) / Fehrer, J., A. Krahulcova, J. Chrtek Jr., Rosenbaumova, R. and S. Bräutigam: Evolutionary aspects in Hieracium subgenus Pilosella / Dobes, C., M. Koch and C. Kiefer: Apomixis and radiation at low ploidy levels exemplified in the evolutionary model genus Boechera (Brassicaceae) / INDEX.
McNeill, J., F. F. Barrie, H. M. Burdet, V. Demoulin, D. L. Hawksworth, K. Marhold, D. H. Nicolson, J. Prado, P. C. Silva, J. E. Skog, J. Wiersema and N. J. Turland (eds.): International Code of Botanical Nomenclature (Vienna Code). Adopted by the Seventeenth International Botanical Congress Vienna, Austria, July 2005. 2006. XVI, 568 pp. gr8vo. Hardcover. 48.00
Noltie, Henry J.: The Botany of Robert Wight. 2005. VIII, 579 pp. gr8vo. Hardcover. 148.00
Noltie's monograph deals with Robert Wight, a Scottish surgeon working for the East India Company. Wight was the most prolific taxonomist working in South India in the first half of the nineteenth century. Together with George Walker Arnott, his collaborator in Scotland, he described 1261 new species and 107 new genera. This book documents their names and the type specimens in the herbarium of the Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh on which they are based. Also included are a chronology of Wight's life, a bibliography of his publications and gazetteer of his collecting localities, with chapters on his botanical collaborators and a listing of 256 species named to commemorate his monumental achievement.
Brickell, C. D., B. R. Baum, W. L. A. Hetterscheid, A. C. Leslie, J. McNeill, P. Trehane, F. Vrugtman and J. H. Wiersema (eds.): International Code of Nomenclature for Cultivated Plants (ICNCP or Cultivated Plant Code), incorporating the Rules and recommendations for naming plants in cultivation. 7th edition. 2004. XX, 123 pp. gr8vo. Paper bd. 19.00
Bakker, Freek T., Lars W. Chatrou, Barbara Gravendeel and Pieter B. Pelser: Plant Species-level Systematics. New perspectives on pattern & process. 2005. illus. (some coloured). 348 pp. gr8vo. Hardcover. 85.00
Plant systematics has seen dramatic changes in the last decade, mainly due to application of molecular markers in phylogenetic reconstruction at the generic level and above. In contrast, species-level patterns and processes in plants are still less well understood, partly because of limited resolution of commonly used phylogenetic markers. This has hampered our understanding of the patterns and hence, processes of plant speciation. Nevertheless, considerable progress has been made recently, and it is now time to examine new developments in understanding species-level phenomena. This volume reviews current issues in (molecular) biosystematics and plant speciation, focusing on the following important topics: Plant species radiations / Molecular evolution in time and space / Multiple genomes: plant hybrids, polyploids and genome evolution. – This book will be of special interest to plant evolutionary biologists in general, and in particular to advanced students and researchers in plant systematics, taxonomy, ecology and population genetics.
Crawford, Daniel J. and Vassiliki Betty Smocovitis (eds.): The Scientific Papers of G. Ledyard Stebbins (1929–2000). 2nd printing. 2004. 12 photographs. 358 pp. gr8vo. Hardcover. 86.00
Preface / Acknowledgements / The Scientific Papers of G. Ledyard Stebbins (1929–2000): Some Historical Perspectives / Part One: GENETIC VARIATION AND SPECIFICATION IN PLANTS: Introduction / Paper I: Stebbins, G. L. 1957. Self fertilization and population variability in the higher plants. Amer. Naturalist 91: 337–354 / Paper II: Stebbins, G. L. 1965. Colonizing species of native California flora. Pp. 173–191 in: Baker, H. G. & Stebbins, G. L. (eds.), The Genetics of Colonizing Species. Academic Press, New York/Paper III: Stebbins, G. L.: 1982. Plant Speciation. Pp. 21–39 in: Barigozzi, C. (ed.): Mechanisms of Speciation. Alan R. Liss, Inc., New York / Paper IV: Stebbins, G. L.: 1989. Plant speciation and the founder principle. Pp. 113–125 in: Giddings, L. V., Kaneshiro, K. Y. & Anderson, W. W. (eds.), Genetics, Speciation, and the Founder Principle. Oxford University Press, New York / PART TWO: HYBRIDIZATION: Introduction / Paper I: Anderson, E. & Stebbins, G. L., Jr. 1954. Hybridization as an evolutionary stimulus. Evolution 8: 378–388 / Paper II: Stebbins, G. L. 1957. The hybrid origin of microspecies in the Elymus glaucus complex. Cytologia. Proc. Int. Genet. Symp., 1956, pp. 336–340 / Paper III: Stebbins, G. L. 1959. The role of hybridization in evolution. Proc. Amer. Philos. Soc. 103: 231–251 / PART THREE: CHROMOSOMES AND POLYPLOIDY: Introduction / Paper I: Stebbins, G. L., Jr. 1947. Types of polyploids: their classification and significance. Advances Genet. 1: 404–429 / Paper II: Stebbins, G. L. 1966. Chromosomal variation and evolution. Science 152: 1463–1469 / Paper III: Stebbins, G. L. 1980. Polyploidy in plants: unsolved problms and prospects. Pp. 495–518 in: Lewis, W. (ed.), Polyploidy, Biological Relevance. Plenum Press, New York. / PART FOUR: GENERAL AND PLANT EVOLUTION: Introduction / Paper I: Babcock, E. B., Stebbins, G. L., Jr. & Jenkins, J. A. 1942. Genetic evolutionary processes in CREPIS. Amer. Naturalist 76: 337–363 / Paper II: Stebbins, G. L. & Ayala, F. J. 1981. Is a new evolutionary synthesis necessary? Science 213: 967–971 / PART FIVE: RARE SPECIES AND CONSERVATION: Introduction / Paper I: Stebbins, G. L., Jr. 1942. The genetic approach to problems of rare and endemic species. Madrono 6: 241–258 / Paper II: Stebbins, G. L. 1979. Rare species as examples of plant evolution. Great Basin Naturalist 3: 113–117 / Paper III: Stebbins, G. L. 1980. Rarity of plant species: a synthetic viewpoint. Rhodora 82: 77–86 / LITERATURE CITED / The complete list of publications for G. Ledyard Stebbins (1929–2000) / Ledyard Stebbins in photos.
Stuessy, T., Veronika Mayer and Elvira Hörandl (eds.): Deep Morphology. Toward a Renaissance of Morphology in Plant Systematics. 2003. illus. XI, 326 pp. gr8vo. Hardcover. 78.00
How can we utilize morphological data in a more sophisticated and efficaceous way in plant systematics? This book provides some useful answers to this question. The chapters are divided into three main sections dealing with Genetics and Development (chapters 2–5), Phylogenetic Analysis (chapters 6–8), and Ecology and Adaptation (chapters 9–13), sandwiched between an introduction (chapter 1) and final overview (chapter 14). Contents: List of Authors; Preface; Introduction: Chapter 1. What is morphology and why is it time for its renaissance in plant systematics? Anton Weber Genetics and Development: Chapter 2. The genetic dissection of the stepwise evolution of morphological characters. Konrad Bachmann and Oliver Gailing. Chapter 3. Architectural effects on floral form and function: a review. Pamela K. Diggle. Chapter 4. Floral developmental features and molecular data in plant systematics. Peter Leins and Claudia Erbar. Chapter 5. Comparative morphology in relation to molecular and phylogenetic systematics. Stefan Gleissberg. Phylogenetic Analysis: Chapter 6. Homology and character evolution. David M. Williams and Christopher J. Humphries. Chapter 7. What should a "complete" morphological phylogenetic analysis entail? Peter K. Endress. Chapter 8. Beyond morphoclines and trends: the elements of diversity and the phylogenetic patterning of morphology. Larry Hufford and Michelle McMahon. Ecology and adaption: Chapter 9. Epicuticular waxes and vascular plant syste- matics: integrating micromorphological and chemical data. Wilhelm Barthlott, Inge Theisen, Thomas Borsch and Christoph Neinhuis. Chapter 10. Toward a deeper understanding of sporoderm structure and function in pollen grains: the sporoderm. Michael Hesse. Chapter 11. Ecological adaptions and deep phylogenetic splits—evidence and questions from the secondary xylem. Pieter Baas, Steven Jansen and Elisabeth A. Wheeler. Chapter 12. The potential of plant biomechanics in functional biology and systematics. Thomas Speck, Nick Rowe, Laure Civeyrel, Regine Claßen- Bockhoff, Christoph Neinhuis and Hanns-Christof Spatz. Chapter 13. How a better understanding of adaptions can yield better use of morphology in plant systematics: toward Eco-Evo-Devo. Thomas J. Givnish. Overview: Chapter 14. Morphological data in plant systematics. Tod F. Stuessy. Subject Index; Taxon Index.
Richter, Herrmann Eberhard: Caroli Linnaei Systema, Genera, Species Plantarum Uno Volumine. Editio Critica, Adstricta, Conferta sive Codex Botanicus Linnaeanus Textum Linnaeanum Integrum ex Omnibus Systematis, Generum, Specierum Plantarum Editionibus, Mantissis, Additamentis Selectumque ex Ceteris Ejus Botanicis Libris Digestum, Collatum, Contractum cum Plena Editionum Discrepantia Exhibens. In Usum Botanicorum Practicum editit Brevique Adnotatione Explicavit ... Lipsiae 1840. XXXII, 1102 pp.
Petermann, Wilhelm Ludwig: In Codicem Botanicum Linnaeanum Index Alphabeticus Generum, Specierum ac Synonymorum Omnium Completissimus. Lipsiae 1840. VI, 202 pp. 4to.
Hardcover. - Reprint 2003, Edited by John Edmondson. With new forword of the editor, an English translation of much of the introductory material by Sten Hedberg, and a biohistorical contribution by H. Walter Lack entitled 'Linnaeus and Richter'. 4to. Cloth. In 2 vols. 360.00
Quote from H. W. Lack 'Linnaeus and Richter': 'Richter's aim is clearly evident from the rather baroque title of his work which is given here in an English translation of the 1840 variant – "C. Linnaeus's Systema, Genera and Species Plantarum in a single vol. Critical, contracted and summarized edition or Codex Botanicus Linnaeanus, the complete Linnean text taken from all editions of the Systema, Genera et Species Plantarum, the Mantissas, the Additamenta and a selected digest of his other botanical works, collated and condensed. Showing the complete discrepancy of editions. Edited for practical use of botanists with a brief note explained by Hermann Eberhard Richter, M. D., Professor at the Medico-Surgical Academy in Dresden, ordinary member of several learned societies". Very appropriately this work was described recently as an "important source of dates of Linnaean works, but also an extremely convenient compilation of Linnaeus's main botanical works, enabling the user to compare at a glance the entries for the same taxon in the various works" (Stafleu & Cowan 1983). It was a mammoth task undertaken with remarkable determination and speed resulting in a condensed edition of Linnaeus's botanical works – on 1102 folio pages printed in rather small script. '
Nicolson, Dan H. and F. Raymond Fosberg: The Forsters and the Botany of the Second Cook Expedition (1772–1775). 2004. 758 pp. gr8vo. Hardcover. 160.00
Contents: Preface (on roles of authors) / BACKGROUND: The Three Cook Expeditions / False Accusations & Rehabilitation of the Forsters/ Biographical Sketch of the Forsters (The Prussian and Russian Years (1640–1766) / England (late 1766–1772) / The Voyage (1772–1775)/ George's Post–Voyage years in England (1775–1778) / George and the Kassel Years (1778–1784) / George and the Vilna Years (1784–1787) / George and the Mainz Years to the end (1788–1794) / Johann Reinhold Forster's end (1798) / Epilogue / J. R. Forster's family / The 'Resolution's ' itinerary of 2nd Cook Expedition / Geography, problem localities, place names) / MATERIALS (Plant specimens / Neotropical "ringers" / Numbered sets / Forster artwork / Institutions with Forster materials / Literature surveyed / Notes on mixed materials / Forster European and Cape of Good Hope Collections / Handwriting) / METHODS (Families & Higher Nomenclature / Species Layout: (1) Nomenclature, including authorship of Forster texts, (2) Range, (3) Forster Paris mss, (4) Forster texts, (5) Cook 2nd Voyage materials, (6) Typification, (7) Remarks) / Acknowledgement / Bibliographic notes / Bibliography. – The authors used for the purpose of this work the families as defined for Names in Current Use by Greuter et al. (1993), except the descriptive names, e. g. Cruciferae, Palmae, Umbelliferae, were replaced by their counterparts based on generic names, e. g. Brassicaceae, Arecaceae, Apiaceae. The families are arranged alphabetically within the larger groups such as Algae, Bryophytes, Pteridophyts, monocots, and dicots. The primary goal is to communicate where Forster specimens have actually been seen and studied or otherwise documented. Simultaneously it has been attempted to determine the currently accepted name and its commonly met synonyms, and to document some of the usage of the names. For each species there can be 6 parts: (1) nomenclature, (2) range, (3) original Forster mss, (4) published Forster texts, (5) known Cook 2nd Voyage materials, (6) typification, (7) remarks.
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